A-Z de los comandos Terminal OSX

alias     Create an alias •

alloc     List used and free memory

apropos   Search the whatis database for strings

asr       Apple Software Restore

awk       Find and Replace text within file(s)

b

basename  Convert a full pathname to just a filename

bash      Bourne-Again SHell

bg        Send to background •

bind      Display readline key and function bindings •

bless     Set volume bootability and startup disk options

break     Exit from a For, While, Until or Select loop •

builtin   Execute a shell builtin •

bzip2     Compress or decompress files

c

cal       Display a calendar

calendar  Reminder Service

caller    Return the context of a subroutine call •

case      Conditionally perform a command •

cat       Concatenate and print (display) the content of files

cd        Change Directory •

chflags   Change a file or folder’s flags

chgrp     Change group ownership

chmod     Change access permissions

chown     Change file owner and group

chroot    Run a command with a different root directory

cksum     Print CRC checksum and byte counts

clear     Clear terminal screen

cmp       Compare two files

comm      Compare two sorted files line by line

command   Run a command (not a function) •

complete  Edit a command completion [word/pattern/list] •

continue  Resume the next iteration of a loop •

cp        Copy one or more files to another location

cron      Daemon to execute scheduled commands

crontab   Schedule a command to run at a later date/time

csplit    Split a file into context-determined pieces

curl      Transfer data  from or to a server

cut       Divide a file into several parts

d

date      Display or change the date & time

dc        Desk Calculator

dd        Convert and copy a file, clone disks

declare   Declare variable & set attributes •

defaults  Set preferences, show hidden files

df        Display free disk space

diff      Display the differences between two files

diff3     Show differences among three files

dig       DNS lookup

dirname   Convert a full pathname to just a path

dirs      Display list of remembered directories •

diskutil  Disk utilities – Format, Verify, Repair

disown    Unbind a job from the current login session •

ditto     Copy files and folders

dot_clean Remove dot-underscore files

drutil    Interact with CD/DVD burners

dscacheutil  Query or flush the Directory Service/DNS cache

dseditgroup  Edit, create, manipulate, or delete groups

dsenableroot Enable root access

dsmemberutil View user and groups rights

dscl      Directory Service command line utility

du        Estimate file space usage

e

echo      Display text on screen •

ed        A line-oriented text editor (edlin)

enable    Enable and disable builtin shell commands •

env       List or Set environment variables

eval      Evaluate several commands/arguments •

exec      Execute a command •

exit      Exit the shell •

expand    Convert tabs to spaces

expect    Programmed dialogue with interactive programs

Also see AppleScript

export    Set an environment variable •

expr      Evaluate expressions

f

false     Do nothing, unsuccessfully

fc        Fix command (history)

fdisk     Partition table manipulator for Darwin UFS/HFS/DOS

fg        Send job to foreground •

file      Determine file type

find      Search for files that meet a desired criteria

fmt       Reformat paragraph text

fold      Wrap text to fit a specified width

for       Loop command •

fsck      Filesystem consistency check and repair

fsaclctl  Filesystem enable/disable ACL support

fs_usage  Filesystem usage (process/pathname)

ftp       Internet file transfer program

function  Define Function Macros

g

GetFileInfo Get attributes of HFS+ files

getopt    Parse positional parameters

getopts   Parse positional parameters •

goto      Jump to label and continue execution

grep      Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern

groups    Print group names a user is in

gzip      Compress or decompress files

h

halt      Stop and restart the operating system

hash      Refresh the cached/remembered location of commands •

head      Display the first lines of a file

hdiutil   Manipulate iso disk images

history   Command History •

hostname  Print or set system name

i

iconv     Convert the character set of a file

id        Print user and group names/id’s

if        Conditionally perform a command •

ifconfig  Configure network interface parameters

ipconfig  View and control IP configuration state

info      Help info

install   Copy files and set attributes

j

jobs      List active jobs •

join      Join lines on a common field

k

kextfind  List kernel extensions

kickstart Configure Apple Remote Desktop

kill      Stop a process from running

l

l         List files in long format (ls -l)

last      Indicate last logins of users and ttys

launchctl Load or unload daemons/agents

ll        List files in long format, showing invisible files (ls -la)

less      Display output one screen at a time

let       Evaluate expression •

lipo      Convert a universal binary

ln        Make links between files (hard links, symbolic links)

local     Set a local (function) variable •

locate    Find files

logname   Print current login name

login     log into the computer

logout    Exit a login shell (bye) •

look      Display lines beginning with a given string

lpr       Print files

lprm      Remove jobs from the print queue

lpstat    Printer status information

ls        List information about file(s)

lsregister Reset the Launch Services database

lsbom     List a bill of materials file

lsof      List open files

m

man       Help manual

mdfind    Spotlight search

mdutil    Manage Spotlight metadata store

mkdir     Create new folder(s)

mkfifo    Make FIFOs (named pipes)

more      Display output one screen at a time

mount     Mount a file system

mv        Move or rename files or directories

n

nano      Simple text editor

net       Manage network resources

netstat   Show network status

networksetup Network and System Preferences

nice      Set the priority of a command

nohup     Run a command immune to hangups

ntfs.util NTFS file system utility

o

onintr    Control the action of a shell interrupt

open      Open a file/folder/URL/Application

opensnoop Snoop file opens as they occur

osacompile Compile Applescript

osascript Execute AppleScript

p

passwd    Modify a user password

paste     Merge lines of files

pbcopy    Copy data to the clipboard

pbpaste   Paste data from the Clipboard

ping      Test a network connection

pkgutil   Query and manipulate installed packages

plutil    Property list utility

pmset     Power Management settings

popd      Restore the previous value of the current directory •

pr        Convert text files for printing

printenv  List environment variables

printf    Format and print data •

ps        Process status

pushd     Save and then change the current directory

pwd       Print Working Directory •

q

quota     Display disk usage and limits

r

rcp       Copy files between machines

read      Read one line from standard input •

readonly  Mark a variable or function as read-only •

reboot    Stop and restart the system

return    Exit a function •

rev       Reverse lines of a file

rm        Remove files

rmdir     Remove folder(s)

rpm       Remote Package Manager

rsync     Remote file copy – Sync file tree

s

say       Convert text to audible speech

screen    Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh

screencapture Capture screen image to file or disk

scutil    Manage system configuration parameters

sdiff     Merge two files interactively

security  Administer Keychains, keys, certificates and the Security framework

sed       Stream Editor

select    Generate a list of items •

set       Set a shell variable = value •

setfile   Set attributes of HFS+ files

shasum    Print or Check SHA Checksums

shift     Shift positional parameters •

shopt     Set shell options •

shutdown  Shutdown or restart OS X

sips      Scriptable image processing system

sleep     Delay for a specified time

softwareupdate System software update tool

sort      Sort text files

source    Execute commands from a file •

split     Split a file into fixed-size pieces

stat      Display the status of a file

stop      Stop a job or process

su        Substitute user identity

sudo      Execute a command as another user

sum       Print a checksum for a file

suspend   Suspend execution of this shell •

sw_vers   Print Mac OS X operating system version

system_profiler  Report system configuration

systemsetup Computer and display system settings

t

tail      Output the last part of files

tar       Tape ARchiver

tcpdump   Dump traffic on a network

tee       Redirect output to multiple files

test      Condition evaluation •

textutil  Manipulate text files in various formats (Doc,html,rtf)

time      Measure Program Resource Use

times     Print shell & shell process times •

tmutil    Time Machine utility

top       Display process information

touch     Change file timestamps

tr        Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters

trap      Execute a command when the shell receives a signal •

traceroute Trace Route to Host

true      Do nothing, successfully

tty       Print filename of terminal on stdin

type      Describe a command •

u

ufs.util  Mount/unmount UFS file system

ulimit    limit the use of system-wide resources •

umask     Users file creation mask

umount    Unmount a device

unalias   Remove an alias •

uname     Print system information

unexpand  Convert spaces to tabs

uniq      Uniquify files

units     Convert units from one scale to another

unset     Remove variable or function names •

until     Loop command •

uptime    Show how long system has been running

users     Print login names of users currently logged in

uuencode  Encode a binary file

uudecode  Decode a file created by uuencode

uuidgen   Generate a Unique ID (UUID/GUID)

uucp      Unix to Unix copy

v

vi        Text Editor

w

wait      Wait for a process to complete •

wc        Print byte, word, and line counts

whatis    Search the whatis database for complete words

whereis   Locate a program

which     Locate a program file in the user’s path

while     Loop command •

who       Print all usernames currently logged on

whoami    Print the current user id and name (`id -un’)

write     Send a message to another user

x

xargs     Execute utility – passing arguments

xattr     Display and manipulate extended attributes

yes       Print a string until interrupted

zip       Package and compress (archive) files.

!!        Run the last command again

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